What is Web Hosting and its Different Types?

What is Web Hosting?

Web hosting is the kind of internet hosting service which allows, not only common individuals, but also organizations to make their website available to everyone through the World Wide Web. So, every website that you have ever visited is being accessed only because it is being hosted by a hosting provider.

How Web Hosting Works?

Websites work only when all the files that collectively make the website are uploaded to a web server from any local computer. The resources of the server including its RAM, hard drive space and its bandwidth are then provided to the websites that are using it. For these resources, the hosting provider will charge a specific sum of money.

Types of Web Hosting

There are multiple types of Web hosting. Each having its own pros and cons. You might need a different type of web hosting than someone else, depending on the type of website you decide to make.

1. Shared Hosting

Imagine you need a workspace and you rent a co-working space. You will have all the things that you might need. A desk, a computer, an internet connection and some stationary that you might need. Now, you might have all things you need, but you cannot make any changes to the place and you will have to deal with sharing stuff with others. Not to mention the noise that you’re going to have to deal with.

A shared web hosting is a similar experience. It gives you all the things you need to start, but that’s just about it. If you are someone starting a small website, this might be the option for you. It is relatively cheap and will get the job done.

2. VPS Hosting

A virtual private server, or more commonly known as VPS, is quite a step up from the Shared Hosting we just talked about. If you think you have outgrown shared hosting, you might want to use a VPS hosting service which will give your website more reliability as there will be less users using the same resources as you in VPS web hosting than in Shared Hosting.

3. Dedicated Hosting

In a dedicated hosting the website owner (client) leases an entire server for itself rather than having to share it with anyone else. If your website has grown to a point where you need something more powerful than Shared hosting or VPS hosting to handle all the trafficking, this is the type of hosting for you. It is going to cost more than the cheap shared hosting services though, considering that you will be the only one using all the resources.

4. Managed Hosting

In a managed hosting service, you lease the entire server exactly as you would in a Dedicated server. The difference, however, is that the service provider manages the server themselves. This means that they have control over things such as the hardware and software maintenance, security and backup services etc. If you’re someone who doesn’t have time to manage everything, or simply doesn’t want to, this should be for you.

5. Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting means that your website is not hosted on a single server. Instead, it is hosted in a cloud. This is means that it is hosted on multiple different servers at the same time, making it easier for the company to move your website from one server to another if it needs any sort of adjustment due to heavy trafficking or any other form of stresses.

In this form of hosting, you don’t have to worry as much about the adjustments due to performance spikes.

6. Reseller Hosting

In any reselling business, you buy things from one place and sell it out trying to make a profit in the process. The same concept applies to Reseller hosting. You lease a web hosting service and then further provide hosting services to your own clients as if you were the web hosting company itself.

This is a popular option among young and upcoming entrepreneurs who want to start their own web hosting company. It gives you something to start with. Reseller hosting is also used by web developers who just want to add more services to their brand.

7. Colocation Hosting

Colocation hosting is quite similar to dedicated hosting. The one significant difference is that in colocation hosting, the company is the owner of its hardware, but they are looking to make it more useful by renting the service space in a data center. This provides a number of benefits including an improved internet bandwidth, server cooling systems and reliable power.

For establishing a colocation hosting, the client must own its own physical server. One of the most prominent reasons why companies go for colocation hosting is the security that it provides.

How to choose the right hosting provider?

There are a number of hosting providers available online. If you ever decide to choose a hosting provider for yourself, for whatever reason, there are few things that you might want to check according to your requirements. These things are as follows:

1. Bandwidth

One thing that you will want to check for sure is the bandwidth allowance that is offered by the hosting company. It is the number of bytes required for transferring your site to all the users who browse your content. To give you an idea, most of the new websites that don’t provide music or video on their website use approximately 3 gigabytes of bandwidth each month.

Keeping this in mind, you can more or less estimate how much Bandwidth you might need, depending on the type of website you have and anticipating any future expansions.

2. Storage Space

The storage space, also known as the web space, is the amount of space that is allocated to a website on the server. Your website will take some amount of storage depending on the number of files that make up your site. The more files your website consists of, the more storage space it will require on the server. Make sure the hosting provider you are looking at has the option of providing you with enough storage space that your website requires.

3. Reliability and Uptime

The reliability is probably one of the most important things that you need to be sure of, whether you opt for a free service or a paid service. Well, any real sort of reliability will only come with a paid hosting plan to be honest.

If you are someone who wants to make his own website, you are probably going to want it to run 24/7. For this, you will have to check that the hosting company has reliable connections as well as stable network connections. One way of doing this is by reading reviews by other users and also checking the uptime that the company itself advertises.

A site with a low uptime is hard to reach which makes people go to other competitor sites, causing quite some damage on the revenue. Not only that, a slow access can also be frustrating for you when you try uploading things on your website. So make sure to check it all the way through.

4. Data Security

A web hosting service should provide data security, not only for you, but also for anyone who visits your website. Even the most basic hosting companies provide security for its physical servers. Apart from that, hosting companies will also provide security against online attacks and protect your data from hackings and other cyber-attacks. Try to find a hosting provider that gives you the most security for your data.

5. Loading Speed

The loading speed of your website has a lot to do with the hosting service you choose. If your hosting provider does not allocate enough bandwidth to your website, your web page will have longer loading times which will lose you visitors. So, again, double check the bandwidth limit.

6. Support 24/7

Things can go wrong at the most inconvenient times and then all of a sudden you’re in a mess. We’ve all been in one of those situations at least once, right? So, try to look for a hosting company that provides 24/7 support. If anything goes wrong at any time, you should be able to ask the right guy to help you out. This will make the solutions faster than having to wait for the support team to be online.

An FAQs section can also be handy in situations when the problem is not something too significant.

7. 30-Day Money Back Guarantee

Most hosting companies come with a 30-Day money back guarantee. Now this might not be something to completely depend on when you are looking for a hosting company, it does give a sense of confidence. Look for a hosting provider that offers you a money back guarantee just in case you don’t receive what you expected, wanted or needed. Saves you from wasting any money.

That’s it. This should be all you need to know about Web Hosting. So if you’ve read the article, you should be good to go.

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